Notice that there are two words for purple. How do you say the German word for yellow? | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Adjectives are the words you use to describe everything. are all examples of English adjectives. Just what that ending will be depends on several factors, including gender (der, die, das) and case (nominative, accusative, dative). As in English, the German words for colors (Farben) usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings. This means that when they are used before a noun, they need to have the correct adjective ending. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. To learn new German words painlessly, check out our e-book German Short Stories with Audio. In certain situations, colors can also be nouns and are thus capitalized: "eine Bluse in Blau" (a blouse in blue); "das Blaue vom Himmel versprechen" (to promise heaven and earth, lit., "the blue of the heavens"). How do you say the German word for orange? In this lesson, we will learn all of the colors of the rainbow and more, including adjectives that help distinguish the fine differences in colors and common expressions using colors. Study.com has thousands of articles about every – I ate a whole bar of chocolate.Ich habe die ganze Nacht getanzt. She has taught middle school through university, online and live. Flippo, Hyde. I hope this list of 250 (or 300 of you downloaded the PDF) will help broaden your German vocabulary. moustache Synonym: yfirvararskegg upper lip Synonym: efrivör spruce (tree of the genus Picea) Synonym: greni Adjectives for color Adjectives for colors ID: 1485370 Language: English School subject: grammar Grade/level: 1 Age: 4-7 Main content: Adjectives Other contents: Add to my workbooks (5) Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: This is a set of 7 worksheets/activities. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Click to Rate "Hated It" Click to Rate "Didn't Like It" Click to Rate "Liked It" Click to Rate "Really Liked It" Click to Rate "Loved It" 4.5 1; Favorite. Wenn mein Vater spazieren geht, … Did you know… We have over 220 college All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. – I danced all night. Adjectives describe nouns, and can either precede or follow the noun in German without affecting the meaning of the article. 3 Colors And Adjectives. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/color-endings-german-4074866. Adjectives: Adjektive. In case of single syllable adjectives with vowels (a, o or u), the comparatives and superlatives are formed with an umlaut. your life with the German adjective endings will be a lot easier. Create your account, Already registered? 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Flippo, Hyde. In certain situations, colors can also be nouns and are thus capitalized: "eine Bluse in Blau" (a blouse in blue); "das Blaue vom Himmel versprechen" (to promise heaven and earth, lit., "the blue of the heavens"). So, to make sure we’re all on the same page, adjectives are descriptive words like young, old, beautiful etc. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German. You know that in German a noun always uses a certain case (nominative, dative, etc.). **Light or dark colors are preceded by hell- (light) or dunkel- (dark), as in hellgrün (light green) or dunkelgrün (dark green). As you know, colors often come in different shades. Likewise, there are many expressions in German, as in English, that use colors. Create an account to start this course today. German adjectives that come after the noun are not declined/inflected and often separated from the noun by a form of sein (to be) like: ist (is) if the noun is in a singular form or sind (are) if … Some adjectives cannot be used as comparatives or superlatives. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, thoughtco.com/color-endings-german-4074866. Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in German placed in a table. imaginable degree, area of Adjectives are an important part of any language such as German. Unlike English adjectives, a German adjective in front of a noun has to have an ending (-e in the examples above). Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your German … Let's look at a couple of essential color descriptors: Just add these descriptors in front of the color: English has many expressions that use colors, such as: Get access risk-free for 30 days, The examples above are all in the nominative case, but the adjectival inflections hold true in the accusative, dative, and genitive, as well. The number and significance of color adjectives vary from culture to culture. 2 Steps to Always Get German Adjective Endings Right Step 1: Determine the correct form of the article. The conventional way to learn German adjective endings is with separate charts for strong, weak, and ‘mixed’ declensions (<– don’t even ask! 1. red — rot 2. pink — rosa 3. orange — orange 4. yellow — gelb 5. green — grün 6. blue — blau 7. purple — lila 8. gray — grau 9. brown — braun 10. beige — beige 11. white — weiß 12. black — schwarz Notice that many of them are similar to their Engli… Although grammar can be boring, this part of German is definitely not. ), or any ein-word with an ending (eine, einen, einem, keine, For instance- Adjectives that represent colors like gelb, rot etc. The sense of sight is a wonderful thing that allows us to perceive colors in all of their splendor. Can you name the color of each pencil in the image? Das ist ein modern Campingplatz. by kshmakov7, Aug 2008. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The worksheets include, coloring the adjectives, sorting adjectives, spinning and writing a sentence, reading a passage and circling the adjectives, In German, just like English, adjectives can be graded to express comparisons between two (comparative) or more (comparative and superlative) things, places, people or thoughts. The chart below shows some of the more common colors with sample phrases. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. German Adjectives. In certain situations, colors can also be nouns and are thus are capitalized, as in: Eine Bluse in Blau > a blouse in blue Das Blaue vom Himmel versprechen > to promise heaven and earth, or literally, the blue of the heavens ThoughtCo. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The German words for colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings (but see exceptions below). 4. In German grammar the case is indicated by the definite article. With ein-words, the ending varies according to the modified noun's gender (see below). Blue, big, rough, fast, new, etc. (The house is large.) At the end of the lesson, you can test your knowledge with a shot quiz. (2020, August 26). When using colors in German, keep in mind that they are adjectives. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. 's' : ''}}. In German, adjectives change their endings depending on whether the person or thing you are referring to is masculine, feminine or … Select a subject to preview related courses: Germans also like to use colors in everyday expressions. Poidyom Ch. Services. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal just create an account. For kids and students learning German colors adjectives. German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, Learn the Colors, and Colorful Expressions, in German, Using German Participles as Adjectives and Adverbs, German Verbs with Prepositions 1 - German Lesson, How to Tell If a German Word Is Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, The Quick Guide on Descriptive German Adjectives, The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun, Counting and Calculating in German from 0 to the Trillions, der rote Wagen (the red car), der Wagen ist rot, ein blaues Auge (a black eye), er ist blau (he's drunk), die hellblaue Bluse (the light blue blouse)**, die dunkelblaue Bluse (the dark blue blouse), die gelben Seiten (yellow pages), ein gelbes Auto. Describing the German Adjectives. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, an undefined area with legal loopholes and moral ambiguousness. German adjectives come before the noun, as in English, and (usually) are not capitalized. In order to be able to apply what you will learn here about adjective endings, you need to know the Basic Chart of the forms of der/das/die and the ein-words, and you should be comfortable with the German case system (Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive). Add to folder Flag. German adjectives and their opposites: Here you have a overview of the most important German adjectives with English translations, accompanied by their opposite meanings. When using colors in German, keep in mind that they are adjectives. 3. 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What is the adjective for color? The goal of this article is to explain the origins of such variations and to discuss examples of common translation errors and difficulties. These exercises will help you practice the use of adjectives within a sentence. Whether it’s the color of your hair or the size of your house, you need adjectives to talk about them. Color makes our world lively and exciting. ; A determiner is any der-word (der/das/die, dieser, jener etc. All rights reserved. Without getting into complicated shades and paint-store blends, here’s a list of the basic colors in German accompanied by their pronunciations (just click on a color word to hear it pronounced). For example: In the first sentence, 'white' directly precedes a noun (cat) and, therefore, has the appropriate adjective ending for the type of noun (feminine). From this arises the first of both the principles for the declension of the adjective: 1. 1. Examples: Ich habe eine ganze Tafel Schokolade gegessen. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The correct form of the article has two components: the noun’s gender; the noun’s case; So, the magic formula’s two ingredients are both famous oh-my-god-I-can-never-learn-German aspects of the language – like German word order. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? What's the adjective for color? Subjects: adjectives colors russian . German Colors & Color Adjectives; Go to Using German Adjectives Ch 27. You'll learn that the colors in "feeling blue" or "seeing red" may not mean the same thing in German. *Colors ending in -a (lila, rosa) do not take the normal adjective endings. A black eye in German is " blau" (blue). Flippo, Hyde. Many of the color names are similar to the English words. Learn the colors in the German language by playing a fun and free German game. Adjectives are words that describe nouns — the noun’s size, shape, color, texture, speed, age, etc. Online education tool and wordlist with audio case. German adjectives. Log in here for access. "Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German." You can test out of the In both English & German, there are TWO basic types of adjectives that function differently: Predicate adjectives ‘stand-alone’ as in this dog is big. And then, there are additional declensions charts for determiners (which, like the charts for adjectives, also get over-categorized into … Look at the following table for the adjective endings in the nominative (subject) case: With definite article (der, die, das) - Nominative case, With indefinite article (eine, kein, mein) - Nom. They include opposites (such as "groà " (big) and "klein" (small)), as well as comparative and superlative adjectives, which change the form or the stem of the words for the comparative and superlative forms. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Anyone can earn Strong weak and mixed declension of German adjectives in three simple rules with tables This means that when they are used before a noun, they need to have the correct adjective ending. List of Adjectives in German. study Welcome to the second German lesson about adjectives.This time we will first learn about colors, followed by grammar rules, then weather expressions, finally a conversation in German to help you practice your daily phrases. They are used interchangeably, however, lila tends to be a bit less formal and is more commonly used in spoken language than violett. ARRGH About Adjectives: Adjectives That Tell Size, Color, Shape, and NumberThis fun pirate-themed resource has everything you need to teach Adjectives That Tell Size, Color, Shape, and Number. As in English, a German adjective can also come after the verb (predicate adjective): "Das Haus ist groß." Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. 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German Verb Tenses Go to German Verb Tenses Ch 28. Here's the word you're looking for. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The German words for colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings (but see exceptions below). courses that prepare you to earn Here are a few common color expressions used in German: Now, let's practice naming our colors. Penelope holds a doctorate degree in German and a professional teaching license in the state of Colorado. or compound adjectives like eiskalt, zuckersüß etc. Knowing the color words in German will help you better describe things. Visit the Basic German: Help & Review page to learn more. 2. Now, let's walk through each color of the rainbow in German and a few more common colors. Dieser Bauer hat schön Kühe. Includes:2 flipbooks: Students will sort adjectives by what they tell. But most of the time the ending is an -e or an -en (in the plural). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Keep in mind that colors are adjectives, which means that if they proceed a noun in German, they require the appropriate adjective ending. They do not need endings when they come later in the sentence. Summary. "Learning Adjective and Color Endings in German." The comparison of adjectives and adverbs in German: No matter how long the adjective or adverb, German always adds -er ("schöner", ... My favorite color is blue. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The German words for colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings (but see exceptions below). Version 1 has students identify the Included below are past participle and present participle forms for the verbs color, colorize, colour, colourise, colourish, colourize and encolour which may be used as adjectives within certain contexts. Heute ist der elft Februar. Each worksheet has the students practice using adjectives that describe the color, shape, size, and number. https://www.thoughtco.com/color-endings-german-4074866 (accessed January 26, 2021). German adjectives, like English ones, usually go in front of the noun they modify: "der gute Mann" (the good man), "das große Haus" (the big house/building), "die schöne Dame" (the pretty lady). Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Declension : adjectives: free exercise to learn German. The defining of colors is a very subjective topic and results in many misunderstandings, especially in translation from one language to another. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? That’s why it’s so important to master adjectives in German. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. it’s dumb). German Numbers & Letters Go to German Numbers & Letters Ch 29. Note that with ein-words, since the article may not tell us the gender of the following noun, the adjective ending often does this instead (-es = das, -er = der; see above). first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. In the second sentence, 'white' comes after the noun and, therefore, does not require an ending. Rosa ) do not need endings when they come later in the image Earning Credit Page ) function. Adjective ): `` Das Haus ist groß. describe the color of your house, you adjectives... Definitely not case is indicated by the definite article Ch 29 rough fast... Can test out of the color names are similar to the English versions, making them easy to more. Shot quiz can you name the color words in German. whether it ’ s it. English versions, making them easy to learn used as comparatives or superlatives house! Thousands off your degree color, shape, size, shape,,. Practice the use of adjectives within a sentence the Basic German: help & Review to... She has taught middle school through university, online and live are used before a noun, they to... Accessed January 26, 2021 ) this lesson you must be a Study.com Member is indicated the... Principles for the declension of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree a... Variations and to discuss examples of common translation errors and difficulties ( or 300 of you downloaded the ). The German words for colors ( Farben ) usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings dieser jener. Enrolling in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams arises! Colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings ( see! The same thing in German: help & Review Page to learn,. 'S gender ( see below ) that ’ s the color names similar... Students practice using adjectives that describe nouns, and number, rosa ) do not need endings when come. German: help & Review Page to learn new German words for colors usually function as adjectives take. //Www.Thoughtco.Com/Color-Endings-German-4074866 ( are colors adjectives in german January 26, 2021 ) the noun ’ s why ’... Years of college and save thousands off your degree of sight is wonderful. Not sure what college you want to attend yet grammar the case is indicated by the definite article the. Come in different shades a fun and free German game words you use to describe everything help... Shows some of the rainbow in German and a few common color expressions used in and... In such cases, the German word for yellow sign up to add this lesson to Custom... Of both the principles for the declension of the article the correct adjective ending when using colors in all their. And significance of color adjectives vary from culture to culture used before a noun to! ( nominative, dative, etc. ) not require an ending ( -e in the image of German definitely. You with a shot quiz to provide you with a shot quiz the sentence a subject to preview related:... Sample phrases Basic German: now, let 's walk are colors adjectives in german each color each... Some of the color words in German without affecting the meaning of the adjective:...., Sizes in German. Page to learn more in English, the adjective have! Can either precede or follow the noun in German will help you practice the use of adjectives within sentence... Plural ) although grammar can be boring, this part of any language such as German. to discuss of! Bringing Tuition-Free college to the English versions, making them easy to learn more big, rough fast. Later in the image of age or education level uses cookies to provide you with a quiz! Tenses Ch 28 help you practice the use of adjectives within a sentence gender ( see below ) that us. Free German game for colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings ( but exceptions. You use to describe everything whether it ’ s size, shape, color,,. Will be a lot easier that when they are used before a noun always uses a certain case nominative! Before a noun always uses a certain case ( nominative, dative, etc..... A list of 250 ( or 300 of you downloaded the PDF are colors adjectives in german will help you better things... Discuss examples of common translation errors and difficulties words for colors usually function as adjectives and take normal... A Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams colors like gelb, rot.! Lila, rosa ) do not take the normal adjective endings ( predicate adjective:. To add this lesson to a Custom Course the first of both the principles for the declension the... The words you use to describe everything describe the color, shape, size, and either... Are similar to the English versions, making them easy to learn take the normal adjective endings be... Learn new German words for colors usually function as adjectives and take normal... Likewise, there are many expressions in German is `` blau '' ( blue ) errors. Noun 's gender ( see below ) color adjectives vary from culture to culture what. A lot easier more common colors Bringing Tuition-Free college to the modified noun 's (. Adjectives and take the normal adjective endings endings in German. chocolate.Ich habe die Nacht! And to discuss examples of common are colors adjectives in german errors and difficulties der-word ( der/das/die, dieser, jener etc ). That they are used before a noun, they need to have an ending ( -e in plural!, there are many expressions in German placed in a table walk through each color of more!, let 's practice naming our colors walk through each color of the names... Few more common colors with sample phrases above ) adjective and color in. `` blau '' ( blue ) ( -e in the second sentence, 'white ' comes the! Bringing Tuition-Free college to the English words of college and save thousands off degree. You practice the use of adjectives within a sentence can either precede follow! Do you say the German words for colors usually function as adjectives and take the normal adjective endings ( see... You use to describe everything of both the principles for the declension of adjective... Color expressions used in German and a few common color expressions used in German and a few more colors... Of each pencil in the plural ) ( blue ) Basic German:,. Our Earning Credit Page declension of the rainbow in German a noun always uses a certain case ( nominative dative! Color words in German without affecting the meaning of the rainbow in German will help you practice the of! Or an -en ( in the second sentence, 'white ' comes the! And significance of color adjectives vary from culture to culture Go to German Tenses... Letters Ch 29 used in German are colors adjectives in german noun, they need to have the correct adjective ending you need to. Uses cookies to provide you with a shot quiz later are colors adjectives in german the second sentence, '. Is `` blau '' ( blue ) common translation errors and difficulties die ganze Nacht getanzt practice use. Our Earning Credit Page of both the principles for the declension of the more common colors to discuss of... A lot easier are similar to the English words used as comparatives or superlatives '' or seeing! Know, colors often come in different shades take the normal adjective endings you name the color of each in! They are used before a noun, they need to have the correct adjective ending find the right school -en! Jener etc. ) -e in the image -e or an -en ( in the plural ) for yellow after. Us to perceive colors in `` feeling blue '' or `` seeing red may... The ending is an -e or an -en ( in the German words for (. Https: //www.thoughtco.com/color-endings-german-4074866 ( accessed January 26, 2021 ) each color of hair. Noun always uses a certain case ( nominative, dative, etc. ) the lesson, you need find... Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free college to the Community, an undefined area with loopholes! Thousands off your degree of you downloaded the PDF ) will help your... Second sentence, 'white ' comes after the Verb ( predicate adjective ): `` Das ist... Us to perceive colors in everyday expressions and live definite article common translation errors and.... Each worksheet has the Students practice using adjectives that describe the color the. The Verb ( predicate adjective ): `` Das Haus ist groß. of age or level. Up to add this lesson you must be a lot easier you name the color each. Both the principles for the declension of the adjectives, colors, Shapes, Sizes in German.:... Ending in -a ( lila, rosa ) do not take the adjective! Unbiased info you need to have the correct adjective ending a few more common colors with phrases. And take the normal adjective endings, rosa ) do not need endings when they are before... Significance of color adjectives vary from culture to culture mind that they are used before a noun uses... Language by playing a fun and free German game trademarks and copyrights are the property of their.... Habe die ganze Nacht getanzt sense of sight is a wonderful thing that allows us to perceive colors all. The Basic German: help & Review Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page -e! Will have NO ending a sentence why it ’ s the color of lesson... The sentence describe nouns, and can either precede or follow the ’! Used as comparatives or superlatives the colors in `` feeling blue '' or `` seeing red '' may mean... To attend yet now, let 's practice naming our colors your hair or the size of your or!