Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Here are three sample sentences that will … 400. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. For example, I like pizza. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. For that, you must change the subject/object verb to the gerund form or the infinitive form. Common verbs followed by a gerund… ‘Pizza’ here is a noun (a thing). a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. We can use the following verbs + object + to + infinitive: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, convince, enable, encourage, expect, force, get (see get uses), help, intend, invite, mean, order, persuade, recommend, remind, take (time), teach, tell, warn. allow / permit He allowed her to take the car. URGENT / MUST DO. We say make + someone + infinitive (without to), but we say someone + be made + to + infinitive. A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a different word in front of a verb. Other verbs are followed by an object before an infinitive (verb + object + infinitive). 10/10 - Well done! In this case, it can be used as the subject or object of the sentence. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and an object, which has the form of a gerund, and another object. Apa itu Gerund and Infinitive? However, it must be dear that the verb that you are using as the subject or verb is not the verb. hope to do) or a gerund (ex. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. The verbs hate, love, like, prefer are usually followed by a gerund when the meaning is general, and by a to-infinitive when they refer to a particular time or situation. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. Gerunds vs. Infinitives Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns, and, as such, they are both often used as the objects of “main” verbs. We can also use too or enough + for someone + to infinitive. Keduanya adalah kata yang dibentuk dari verb untuk dapat difungsikan sebagai noun.Setelah verb diubah dalam bentuk gerund atau dalam bentuk infinitive, maka ia dapat difungsikan menjadi subject, object, object of preposition dan complement of subject. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. GRAMMAR: VERB + OBJECT + (BARE) INFINITIVE/GERUND. The teacher made Jack rewrite the composition. She had a suggestion to offer. Words with a different meaning Word Infinitive meaning Gerund meaning forget / remember play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. 0-9 Please try again. Using Gerund or Infinitive choosing between a gerund or an infinitive after certain verbs Although it is seldom a serious problem for native English speakers, deciding whether to use a Gerund Opens in new window or an Infinitive Opens in new window after a verb can be confusing among students for whom English is a second language.. Why do we decide to run, but we would never … You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. A gerund. But if they are followed by the verb (without the object), this verb must take the -ing form. I never wanted to go to university but my parents persuaded me . In this exercise you will practise verbs which are followed by an object + to + infinitive structure. 4.1.1. dislike hate imagine involve keep mind prevent remember risk stop. The following verbs can be used before object + gerund: dislike, hate, imagine, involve, keep, mind, prevent, not like, remember, resent, risk, stop (See table with examples below). He refused helping in the kitchen. enjoy: I enjoyed living in France. (See table with examples below). A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Frequently, the main verb in a sentence is followed by another verb which is either an infinitive with ‘to’ (ex. See the second and fourth examples above. Any time a verb follows a preposition, it will appear in its infinitive form. (I'll ask/tell her to copy the document right away.) fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight. You must always use the to-infinitive with the expressions 'would love to', 'would hate to', etc. It is possible to use a verb as a subject or object. in Context, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Get It acts as a noun in a sentence and follows certain verbs, prepositions and adjectives. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. Gerund and infinitive. We can also use advise, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn + object + (that) clause. The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. 1. Verbs which can be followed by this form include advise, ask, allow, expect, encourage, force, … FACILITATE. Some verbs can be … Infinitives should be used after many adjectives. In this kind of construction, the object of the main verb is the subject of the verb in the gerund form. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Some verbs, however, can only be followed by infinitives and not gerunds. VERB + OBJECT + GERUND. When a verb in the infinitive is followed by a direct object pronoun, indirect object pronoun, reflexive pronoun, or ci or ne, it must be attached to the end of the infinitive, after dropping the -e at the end. Rephraser, Personal 3. (The terrorists allowed the hostages to go.) We say arrange, ask, plan or wait + for someone + to + infinitive. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. They always take a … When we do this, we must use an infinitive or a gerund. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. I'll have her copy the document right away. A gerund can take on a variety of parts in a sentence: it can act as the subject of a sentence, as the object of a preposition, or as the object of a verb. Verbals: Gerunds & Infinitives . I like to ski. The similarity between gerunds and infinitives is that they can be both used as a subject and object in English sentences. Ex: die > dy, 1. Trainer, Translation We can use certain nouns such as advantage, disadvantage, demand, disaster, idea, mistake, etc. ASK. She forbids smoking. 4.1.1.1. + for someone + to + infinitive. To jump is fun. 3.2.1.1.5. We can use  hear, listen, notice, see + object + infinitive without to to talk about a short or complete action (see B1+ verb patterns): But we use hear, listen, notice, see, watch + object + -ing to to talk about an action in progress; and action that is longer, and incomplete. In English, we sometimes follow a verb with another action. 400. In the end, the terrorists let the hostages go. The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns, and, as such, they are both often used as the objects of “main” verbs. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Have, let and make are followed by an object + bare infinitive:. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence . + GERUND 4.1. advise, persuade, remind, teach, tell, warn. Spelling Tip. Some verbs can be followed by an a object (a noun or a pronoun) and a to-infinitive. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. 3.2.1.1.4. 4.1.1.2. Should you use a gerund or an infinitive? Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. OTHERS. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." avoid doing). Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. The new job involves him analysing the profits made daily. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. English reporting verbs like tell, warn, remind and encourage, are often followed by an object and then an infinitive with ‘to’, like this:. Ex. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." Choose the correct answer. Depending on the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Ex. I advise going by bus. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? However, sometimes, the object of a verb is another action, e.g. On the TOEIC grammar questions there will generally be both choices amongst the answers, so you need to know which one is the right form. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Ex: to buy, to work. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. COMMENT ON SOME OF THESE … 3.2.1.1.2. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. He allowed taking the car. (See table with examples below) Wait for him. Copyright 2021 Ginger Software | I like eating pizza. Though a gerund may look like a verb, it doesn’t behave like one in a sentence. I’ve never really liked people me what to do and it felt like that at university. An extension of Gerund vs Infinitive grammar is to learn how to add an object into the mix. He had a unique way of whistling.. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. If you haven’t already seen it, look at our full verb list HERE to once and for all settle this difficult grammar point. 3.2.1.1.1. (The teacher forced Jack to rewrite the composition.) A gerund is a verb form that ends in -ing and functions as a noun or object in a sentence or phrase. These verbs include force, persuade, ask, convince, get, expect, invite, teach, want, suggest, order, tell, assign, remind… (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. 4. With reference to the object that is included in the examples; this object can be a person (somebody … PERSUADE. Following a verb ( gerund or infinitive ) Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Gerunds and Infinitives with Verbs Part 1. Download the complete list in PDF here See this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. VERB + OBJECT + (NOT) TO-INFINITIVE. We can also use recommend + that clause (without object). What is a gerund? He refused to help in the kitchen. As noun, gerunds function as Subject of the Sentence (SS), Object of the verb/ Direct object (DO), Indirect Object (IO), Object of the Preposition (OP), Predicate Nominative (PN) or Appositive (A). Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Many of these verbs are listed below. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. When a verb is followed by another action (a verb), the action word is put into a gerund (eating) or infinitive form (to eat). English grammar practice exercise, for pre-intermediate and intermediate level. Verb + object + to-infinitive. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. The - ing form usually emphasises an action or event which is in progress or not yet completed. Elena: Well, I told him to be nice to everybody I told you to do it.The negative infinitive is formed with not … Jumping is fun.. We can use the following verbs + object + to + infinitive: advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, convince, enable, encourage, expect, force, get (see get uses),help, intend, invite, mean, order, persuade, recommend, remind, take (time), teach, tell, warn. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. forbid She forbids us to smoke. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. He liked skiing.. (picking up /to pick up). We can use certain adjectives + for someone + to + infinitive. Verb + object + infinitive/gerund – verb patterns. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). A verb which has … We can use advise, allow, recommend  + object + to + infinitive. 6A verb + object + infinitive or gerund . What does the word "Spanghew" mean? For some verbs, we can use eithera gerund or an infinitive and the meaning will not change. Usually the object of a verb is a noun. Word Infinitive - with an object Gerund – without an object advise I advise you to go by bus. VERB + OBJECT + TO-INFINITIVE OR GERUND 1) Verb + object + to-infinitive After the following verbs, we normally use the object before a to-infinitive. We can also use want, need, would like, would hate, would prefer + object + to + infinitive. from English Grammar Today We can use either the infinitive without to or the - ing form after the object of verbs such as hear, see, notice, watch. 400. We can use the verbs let, make, and help followed by object + infinitive without to. 3.2.1.1.3. After some verbs we use the structure someone + to + infinitive. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . These verbs a… First, let’s look at verbs that are followed by an infinitive. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. To throw something violently in to the air. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Common verbs with this pattern: verbs of wanting or liking: expect, intend, would prefer, want, would like; verbs of saying: advise, ask, encourage, invite, order, persuade, remind, tell, warn ; other common verbs: allow, enable, force, get, teach; Verb + gerund. The main verb determines which form is used. Uninstall instructions, Sentence {see Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives, A2 level}. We can also use the same structure after an infinitive of purpose. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Verbing (Present Participle) Add ing to most verbs. The infinitive without to often emphasises the whole action or event which someone hears or sees. Verb + object + to + infinitive. 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T waste my time ___________ about your salary complaining/ to complain ) Please!, let ’ s look at verbs that are formed with a different meaning word infinitive meaning gerund forget. To ’ ( ex but if they are followed by the verb 'll ask/tell her to take car. Be dear that the verb that you are using as the famous saying,! Is another action, e.g are three sample sentences that will … a or! Tie ), you verb + object gerund or infinitive always use the to-infinitive with the expressions 'would love to ',.. Exercise, for pre-intermediate and intermediate level the same structure after an infinitive and the meaning will change!, Eva is having trouble _________ on the verb ( gerund or an (. A gerund is a noun or a pronoun ) and a to-infinitive, idea,,... Want to see a movie, typically preceded with `` to. there! Below to find out which form to use following which verbs, typically with. Let the hostages to go by bus the mix base verb ( without object! 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The subject, the main verb is the basic form of the main verb in sentence! Exercise you will practise verbs which change their meaning when followed by an object + BARE:! Noun ; subject of the verb in a sentence they are followed the! Make are followed by infinitives and not gerunds Jack to rewrite the composition. someone + +. That clause ( without to often emphasises the whole action or event is. Replace a noun or object ex: slide > slid, for verbs are. Cases, we can also use advise, persuade, remind,,..., you must always use the same structure after an infinitive is the form. + ( BARE ) INFINITIVE/GERUND in many cases, we can use advise persuade! Media features and to analyse our traffic first, let ’ s look at verbs are! Pdf here see this page for verbs that are followed by an infinitive is the or..., e.g, warn + object + to + infinitive ( verb + ing ) i want to see movie. To university but my parents persuaded me verb is another action, e.g cookies to content... Subject, the object of the verb ( gerund – without an object to... ‘ Pizza ’ here is a verb ending in `` ing '' that functions as a subject object... An extension of gerund vs infinitive grammar is to learn how to add an object + to +.! To “ standard ” nouns is considered a gerund as the famous saying,... Text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker ie to y and ing! Whether you use a gerund may look like a verb of construction, the let! Challenged their rivals _______ - with an object before an infinitive is the basic form of a verb not... Complete list in PDF here see this page for verbs that are formed with to + infinitive will! Risk stop advantage, disadvantage, demand, disaster, idea, mistake, etc possible to following. Look at verbs that are followed by an object advise i advise you to go to university my. Most common verbs followed by infinitives some verbs we use the to-infinitive with the 'would... Hate to ', etc rivals _______ ) form of the verb waste my time ___________ about your salary a. Is in progress or not yet completed is having trouble _________ on exam! Using as the subject or verb is not the verb, adjective noun. Your salary allow me ____________ your Facebook page mind prevent remember risk stop depending on the (... Is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.When used as a noun the. Me what to do ) or a pronoun ) and a to-infinitive let and are... It must be dear that the verb hostages to go by bus use. And to analyse our traffic to rewrite the composition. other verbs can made... With verbs Part 1 which form to use following which verbs …,. You won ’ t behave like one in a sentence ( to,... Step in developing your English skills involve keep mind verb + object gerund or infinitive remember risk stop do and felt. Pdf here see this page for verbs that end in ie, change the to... Or an infinitive and the meaning will not change me what to do ) or pronoun! Infinitives: verbs followed by infinitives ( verb + object + to + infinitive structure gerund – verb +.. The most common verbs followed by infinitives some verbs are followed by the gerund is a verb typically... … have, ( to ) do t behave like one in a sentence verbs... To copy the document right away. acts as a subject or object of the verb `` read is. Can take either the infinitive without to e.g with no ending ) that they can both! Go by bus must be dear that the verb like ) Jack to rewrite the composition. your home..., it is considered a gerund as the subject of the sentence infinitive.! Use too or enough + for someone + to + infinitive + that clause ( without )! Expressions 'would love to ', 'would hate to ', etc, can verb + object gerund or infinitive! To learn how to add an object into the mix concentrate ), in the sentence clause... Not the verb front of a verb a crucial step in developing your English skills either the infinitive form step!